Agesilaos Antik Sikkeler Nümzimatik

Byzantine Antioch - Theoupolis

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Antik Sikkeler

ΦΙΛΟΛΟΓΟΣ 🇬🇷 | ΝΟΜΙΣΜΑΤΟΛOΓΟΣ
Φιλομμειδής
Katılım
4 Şub 2022
Mesajlar
8,174
Beğeni
12,340
Antioch [Antakya] was founded in 300 BCE by Seleucus I Nicator, a former general of Alexander the Great.

Justinian I renamed the city Θεούπολις - Theoupolis [City of God] in the sixth century AD. In late 528, an earthquake nearly destroyed Antioch [Antakya]. It was rechristened Θεούπολις - Theoupolis [City of God], and afterward coins bear that name rather than Antioch [Antakya].

The tragic history explains why the city had two distinct names. The earthquakes of Feburary 2023 were similar to the earthquakes of AD 526 and 528 which caused Antioch to change its name.

When it came to describing the devastation wrought on Antioch [Antakya] by the earthquake of 526, the Byzantine chronicler John Malalas [ΜΑΛΑΛΑΣ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΣ] told a tale of fire and brimstone not unlike that of February 2023.

The surface of the earth boiled and foundations of buildings were struck by thunderbolts thrown up by the earthquakes and were burned to ashes by fire, so that even those who fled were met by flames, he wrote.

As a result, Antioch became desolate, for nothing remained apart from some buildings beside the mountain. No holy chapel nor monastery nor any other holy place remained which had not been torn apart. Everything had been utterly destroyed.

Click or more coin images of the ancient city Antioch.

ANTİK SİKKELER NÜMİZMATİK.jpg