Agesilaos Antik Sikkeler Nümzimatik

Greek Ionia Magnesia ad Maeandrum

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Antik Sikkeler

4 Şub 2022

Magnesia [ΜΑΓΝΗΣΙΑ]

Magnesia ad Maeandrum - ΜΑΓΝΗΣΙΑ ΤΟΥ ΜΑΙΑΝΔΡΟΥ

EYΦHMΟΣ ΠAYΣANΙΟΥ : Euphemos, son of Pausianias.

This magistrate was also responsible for the until recently entirely unknown issue of gold staters that bear the bust of Artemis on the obverse and Nike in quadriga on the reverse. The reason for such an extraordinary output of coinage in the mid-second century BC at both Magnesia and at Ephesos is uncertain, but may relate to the regional conflicts between the kingdoms of Pergamon, Bithynia and Cappadocia in the 150s.

A city of ancient founding, Magnesia was originally settled sometime in the second millennium BC by Magnetes from Thessaly, from whom the city took its name, along with some Cretans. According to myth, the settlers were soldiers from Agamemnon's army, disbanded after the Trojan War. It occupied a commercially and strategically important position in the triangle of Priene, Ephesos and Tralleis. The city evidently grew in wealth and power relatively quickly, as in the 7th century it was already strong enough to challenge Ephesos and go to war with that city. According to Strabo, citing Archilochos, at some point around 650 BC the city was taken and destroyed by Kimmerians. Strabo also relates that the site was annexed by Miletos, who may have been responsible for its reconstruction [though Athenaeus gives a conflicting account, attributing the reconstruction to Ephesos]. Regardless, the city was evidently rebuilt by 547/6, when it was plundered by Mazares and subjected to Persian dominion.

ANTİK SİKKELER NÜMİZMATİK_Magnesia ad Maeandrum.jpg