Agesilaos Antik Sikkeler Nümzimatik

Christ Pantokrator - ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ ΠΑΝΤΟΚΡΑΤΩΡ

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Antik Sikkeler

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Byzantine Justinian II Constantinople

Justin was the first emperor to place the image of Christ on his coins. At the Trullan Synod [Πενθέκτη Οικουμενική Σύνοδος], called by Justinian in 692 AD in an attempt to reconcile the growing religious rift between Constantinople and Rome, the issue of how Christ was to be portrayed was debated.

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The council's subsequent ruling decreed that henceforth Christ should be seen in human form, rather than the symbolic representations which had prevailed during Christianity's earlier period.

The split between the Pope and the Emperor only widened, as did the dispute between those who favored the use of such religious imagery [ εικονοδουλοι - image worshippers ] and those who opposed its use [ εικονοκλαστοι - image smashers ], a dispute that also played a role in the expanding ideological confrontation between Christianity and Islam, with al-Malik [Αμπντ αλ-Μαλίκ ιμπν Μαρουάν] introducing aniconic coin types at about the same time as Justinian was placing Christ on the Byzantine solidus.

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Islamic coins | al-Malik Dechristianised copy of a Byzantine gold solidus of the Emperor Heraclius and his two sons, cross removed from the three crowns and the three orbs converted to three knobs.

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