Agesilaos Antik Sikkeler Nümzimatik

Greek Kings of Armenia | Aristobulus and Salome

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Antik Sikkeler

ΦΙΛΟΛΟΓΟΣ 🇬🇷 | ΝΟΜΙΣΜΑΤΟΛOΓΟΣ
Φιλομμειδής
Katılım
4 Şub 2022
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8,163
Beğeni
12,327
Aristobulus was a son of Herod of Chalcis and through him a great-grandson of Herod the Great of Judaea. He was also the second husband of Salome, the infamous daughter of Herod Antipas who demanded the head of John the Baptist as a prize for her dancing skills.

ANTİK SİKKELER NÜMİZMATİK_Aristobulus and Salome.jpg


Unfortunately, little information survives regarding the reign of Aristobulus and his sordid queen. When his father died in AD 48, Aristobulus did not succeed to the client-kingdom of Chalcis, but was passed over in favor of his cousin, Herod Agrippa II, who was also a personal friend of the Emperor Claudius. However, after the death of Claudius in AD 54, the new Emperor Nero appointed Aristobulus to the client-kingdom of Armenia Minor as part of a policy of maintaining a buffer zone in the environs of Armenia against the neighboring Parthian Empire.

The numismatic evidence shows that Aristobulus remained king of Armenia Minor at least until AD 72. In this year, Josephus reports that he participated in the Roman war against Antiochus IV of Commagene. However, the historians description of him as Aristobulus of the region named Chalcidene, has raised questions over whether this means that by this time he also had authority over his fathers old domain in Ituraean Chalcis, or whether, as seems rather more likely, it is the name of a territory consisting of Armenia Minor, parts of Armenia Major, and Sophene.