Agesilaos Antik Sikkeler Nümzimatik

Greek Mysia Kyzikos | Timotheos

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Antik Sikkeler

4 Şub 2022
Athenian general Timotheos [ΤΙΜΟΘΕΟΣ] who had raised the siege of Kyzikos in 363 BC.


Timotheos was the son of Konon and a Thracian mother. A prominent citizen, Timotheos was an associate of both the philosopher Plato and the Athenian orator Isokrates. Between 378 BC and 356 BC, he frequently served as strategos, in which capacity he was able to secure an Athenian alliance with Kephallenia, and friendship with the Akarnanians and the Molossians.

In 373 BC, he was assigned command of a fleet to relieve Korkyra from Spartan control. Because the expedition was underfunded, the relief was delayed, prompting Timotheos to be brought to trial. Through the intervention of his allies, including Jason, the ruler of Pherai and the tagos [ΤΑΓΟΣ] of the Thessalian League, Timotheos was acquitted. Following his acquittal, and with the assistance of Amyntas III of Macedon, Timotheos took Korkyra. For this, a statue was raised in his honor in Athens.

In 363 BC, Timotheos raised the siege of Kyzikos, for which these staters may have been issued. In 366 BC, Timotheos was sent to aid Ariobarzanes, the satrap of Phrygia, but when he discovered that the satrap was in revolt against the Great King, Timotheos turned his attention to the northern Aegean. There, he captured Samos after a siege of 10 months, followed by similar conquests along the Thraco-Macedonian coast.


A legal action brought against him by Apollodoros, is noteworthy for illustrating the reversal of fortune of the once great and honored general. Timotheos was once again in command during the Social War, but competing personalities among the leadership again brought Timotheos to trial.

Found guilty and unable to pay the heavy fine imposed on him, Timotheos retreated to Chalkis in Euboia, where he died. In remorse for their treatment of the once-favored general, the Athenians forgave a greater part of the debt that had passed on to his son, Konon. They also brought his ashes back to Athens, burying them in the Keramikos and erecting statues to him in the Agora and on the Akropolis.

Click for more coin images of the ancient city Kyzikos.