Agesilaos Antik Sikkeler Nümzimatik

Greek Thrace Byzantion

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Antik Sikkeler

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Byzantion [ΒΥZΑΝΤΙΟΝ] - Byzantium - BYZANTIΩN - ΒΥΖΑΝΤΙΝΩΝ

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Byzantion, nestled strategically on the European side of the Bosporus Strait, emerged as a pivotal ancient city with a narrative spanning centuries. Originally founded by Megara around 657 BC, it bore the name Byzantion. The city underwent a transformative journey, briefly being named Augusta Antonina during Roman Emperor Septimius Severus's reign but reverting to its original name over time. However, the zenith of Byzantion's historical significance came under the rule of Roman Emperor Constantine the Great in AD 330. He refashioned and elevated the city, bestowing upon it the illustrious name Constantinople.

This marked the genesis of its role as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, later renowned as the Byzantine Empire. Constantinople thrived as a political, economic, and cultural nucleus for over a millennium. Emperor Theodosius II fortified the city with the formidable Theodosian Walls, pivotal in safeguarding Constantinople through numerous sieges. Integral to the city's identity is the iconic Hagia Sophia, initially commissioned by Emperor Justinian I in AD 537. This architectural marvel transitioned from cathedral to mosque and currently stands as a museum. Constantinople served as a strategic nexus for trade between East and West, fostering economic prosperity. Its cultural tapestry was woven from the threads of Greek, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman influences, creating a unique crossroads. The city's historical odyssey reached its denouement in 1453 when Constantinople succumbed to the Ottoman Empire. Istanbul, as it was renamed, became the torchbearer of a new era while echoing the ancient whispers of Byzantion's enduring legacy.

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