Agesilaos Antik Sikkeler Nümzimatik

Phoenicia Sidon

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Antik Sikkeler

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4 Şub 2022
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Sidon, is the third-largest city in Lebanon. It is located in the South Governorate, of which it is the capital, on the Mediterranean coast.

Like the other cities of Phoenicia, Sidon was renowned for its seafaring abilities, both commercially and militarily. Because of this dependence on the sea for their livelihood, the Phoenicians applied their technological abilities to the development of swift and powerful ships.

Beginning sometime in the ninth century BC, the Phoenicians developed a long, shallow draft vessel powered primarily by a single row of twenty five oars on each side, though a removable mast and sail was also used when wind was available.

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A bronze beak was placed on the bow of the ship for ramming one’s opponents. Known as the pentekonter, the ship’s defense included a line of shields along the gunwhale, which protected the oarsmen and could be used as necessary by the soldiers who manned the vessel.

The tactical advantage such ships offered and the great naval capabilities of the sailors themselves made the Phoenician pentekonters the choice of the Persians for their imperial navy.

Click for more coin images of the ancient city Sidon.

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